In the years following World War I, Houston, Texas, began to transition from a city with a predominantly white and African American population into an increasingly multiethnic society. Despite segregationists’ attempts to fix racial categories through Jim Crow laws, the migration of ethnic Mexicans and Creoles of color complicated ideas of blackness and whiteness. From controversies over language, religion, and music, the influx of migrants affected racial practice and racial ideologies. The case of Houston shows that race in the Jim Crow era – even in a southern society – was dynamic and always in flux.
Social Sciences, Room 415