Date: Friday, February 7th, 2014
Time: 12 - 1p
Location: Social Sciences, Room 415
The Social Determinants of Tuberculosis – Theories and Interventions
Eyal Oren, Assistant Professor, Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of Arizona
Abstract: One-third of the world's population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. At the current rate, WHO estimates that by 2020, nearly one billion more people will be infected, with 200 million new active cases, and 35 million additional tuberculosis (TB) related deaths. The association between low socioeconomic status and poor health is well established, and significant health inequities result in adverse health outcomes. In tuberculosis research, individuals have noted a higher TB risk in more socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods. Yet while studies are suggestive of this association, further research is needed to characterize TB risk in US neighborhoods. A better understanding of the relationship between socioeconomic disparities on an area-based level and TB disease risk would potentially allow for targeted intervention for those individuals at greatest risk, as well as provide insight into pathways by which area-level social resources affect TB disease patterns. This presentation aims to describe current theories and the evidence base for the social determinants of TB as well as both successful interventions and unresolved questions.